What is Cannabidiol (CBD) Hemp Oil? How is it processed? 

Is there a difference between CBD oil vs hemp oil? Cannabidiol (CBD) is a popular topic among those who are interested in more holistic approaches to overall well being. It is likely that you’ve heard it connected to topics revolving around tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. But, have you heard of CBD Hemp Oil? How does it differ from cannabis? Do you feel the psychoactive effects? Why use it? And how is it processed compared to other types of CBD? How do we get from a cannabis plant to the CBD you can purchase online and in stores? In this post Panacea Life Sciences will give you the ins and outs of how CBD Hemp Oil is processed and how it may differ from other types. From this, we hope you gain knowledge to further help your journey with CBD.  

First, let us find out what CBD is. 

Further, hemp vs CBD, are they the same? CBD or cannabidiol is a compound in the Cannabis Sativa plant. This is the part that is generally confused with the other compound THC. These are both found in the plant, but the amounts vary. CBD is the non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. CBD may assist with a variety of health benefits for one’s overall well being. CBD is found in both Hemp and Cannabis plants, but, Hemp is only defined as Hemp because of the small amount of THC (less than .03%). If a cannabis plant contains more than that percent it is classified as cannabis or marijuana. CBD can be found in many different forms. 

Is CBD legal? 

This is a question that is frequently asked when one often researches CBD. The simple answer is, yes. The 2018 Farm Bill states that hemp is no longer a schedule 1 controlled substance. This bill reaches and is applied to all of the 50 United States. Hemp, being classified (as we stated in the paragraph above) as cannabis sativa that contains less than .03% of THC. So, yes it is legal! 

How is CBD Hemp Oil processed? 

According to this article, there are three types of extraction methods. These include carbon dioxide, steam distillation, or hydrocarbon/natural solvents. 

  • Carbon Dioxide Extraction: Carbon dioxide is used to extract the CBD from the plant by using “supercritical” which, in simple terms means, using both carbon dioxide liquid and gas properties to extract. This is why carbon dioxide extraction is often known as Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE). In the beginning of the extraction, two different pressurized chambers are used. One, with the carbon dioxide, while the other contains the hemp plant. Then the chamber filled with carbon dioxide is pumped into the second chamber containing the hemp, where it breaks down the hemp plant and separates it from the CBD oil. The mixture is then pumped into a third chamber where the carbon dioxide is evaporated, leaving the CBD oil unaccompanied. 
  • Steam Distillation: In this process, the steam separates the CBD oil from the plant itself. The hemp is placed in a separate container while a boiler is full of water beneath the hemp. Once boiling, the steam from the water travels upward to extract the CBD oil vapors from the hemp plant. The vapor from the plant is then trapped in a tube and added to oil or water. After this is collected, the oil is extracted from the water to make an oil. This process works well, but requires a lot of the hemp plant and if the steam gets too hot it may damage the CBD oil extract. 
  • Solvent Extraction (Hydrocarbons and Natural Solvents): This process is similar to the Steam Distillation extraction method. But, in this process one would use a type of solvent rather than water. The solvent and CBD oil is combined and then the solvent is extracted leaving the CBD behind. There are two types of solvents used: hydrocarbons and natural solvents. This is the least prefered type of extraction because it has been found to leave unwanted elements after the solvents have been extracted. These elements could be including naphtha, petroleum, butane, or propane for hydrocarbon extraction.

How do I use CBD Hemp Oil? 

Now that we understand the process at which the CBD is extracted and processed, we can ask the questions why and how? The why to this question, why should I use CBD Hemp Oil? It is quite simple. CBD Hemp Oil has been reported by users as a great addition to overall health well being. It has been known to promote a sense of calmness for those who may experience anxiousness. If you have a canine who’s joints aren’t what they used to be, CBD Hemp oil may improve joint mobility. Now, how does one use CBD hemp oil? There are multiple applications of CBD. These include tinctures, vapes, gummies, softgels and topicals. Panacea Life Sciences does not advocate the use of vaping as a method of CBD admission.  

Where can I get CBD Hemp Oil?

You can get CBD Hemp Oil in tincture, gummy, softgel and topical form here at Panacea Life Sciences. Depending on the state in which you live, CBD is also available at local retailers. Be cautious when choosing online retailers and make sure they are reputable. Also make sure that the label clearly shows that the CBD contains less than .03% THC or you may feel effects that were unintended.   


There are multiple ways that CBD Hemp Oil is processed. From Carbon Dioxide extraction to Steam Distillation to Solvent Extraction. Before purchasing CBD it is important to consult a medical professional before taking it. When looking to purchase CBD Hemp Oil do your research! Make sure you are acquiring CBD from a reputable source that uses the method of extraction you deem fit for you. When starting to take CBD Hemp Oil start off with a small amount of milligrams and then increase the dose if you are feeling comfortable. As always, if readers have questions or comments, email us at [email protected] or give us a call at 1 (800) 985-0515.